This is the original version of what has become the most controversial contribution made to WCIT. It stems from Russia, seemingly from the President's office, and asks from the introduction of a new article to the ITRs encompassing the Internet.
A revised version, produced just a few days later and coming from Russia's ministry of telecoms, toned down the language significantly but the proposals still concern many.
The content of the proposed new article would put the United Nations in direct opposition to the existing conglomeration of Internet organizations by enshrining rules regarding the Internet into an international telecoms treaty.
This involvement in Internet governance is exactly what campaigners against the WCIT conference had been voicing concerns over, and the ITU's Secretary-General had, prior to the late arrival of this contribution, tried to assure everyone that there was no suggestion that WCIT would directly involve itself in Internet governance.
A key trend in the development of today’s information society is the steady growth in the role of the Internet.
The Internet’s developmental impact on society affects people’s way of life, their education and work, as well as the interaction of government and civil society. The Internet is rapidly becoming a vitally important driver of global economic development. It also allows individuals, companies and business communities to find more effective and creative solutions to economic and social problems.
The Internet has an impact on every aspect of human activity within society – political, economic, social and spiritual.
In politics, the Internet is a powerful tool for implementing a State’s domestic policy, and is behind concepts such as e-government, digital media and virtual political parties. It also helps to increase the political participation of citizens in national governance.
The Internet is an important factor in the development of a modern economy, and is actively used in business through such means as e-commerce, e-banking, electronic payments and Internet advertising, among others.
Elections see shift in political landscape - and Internet governance perspective
India has dropped its plans to create a new United Nations body that would oversee the Internet, with the country's foremost Internet governance voice telling .Nxt it was "not well thought out".
Govind: Multi-stakeholder supporter
The proposal, made formally to the United Nations General Assembly in October, would have seen a new body - the Committee for Internet-Related Policies (CIRP) - created that which would develop Internet policies, oversee all Internet standards bodies and policy organizations, negotiate Internet-related treaties, and act as an arbitrator in Internet-related disputes.
That vision was also put forward by India at the 2011 Internet Governance Forum, where it met significant criticism from the Internet community. It was not community criticism however but elections and changes to the political landscape that have seen a U-turn in the policy and a shift toward to the "multi-stakeholder" approach that defines Internet policy decision-making.
The Indian government has formally proposed a government takeover of the Internet at the United Nations General Assembly in New York.
In a statement sent yesterday, India argued for the creation of a new body to be called the United Nations Committee for Internet-Related Policies (CIRP) which would develop Internet policies, oversee all Internet standards bodies and policy organizations, negotiate Internet-related treaties, and act as an arbitrator in Internet-related disputes.
The CIRP would exist under the United Nations, comprise of 50 Member States, be funded by the United Nations, run by staff from the UN’s Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) arm, and report directly to the UN General Assembly.
Despite the proposal representing an extraordinary shift from the status quo to a single, purely government-run Internet body, India’s spokesman, Mr Dushyant Singh, argued that the proposal “should not be viewed as an attempt by governments to ‘take over’ or ‘regulate and circumscribe’ the Internet.”
No government took note when Tim Berners-Lee at CERN in Geneva published a short summary of his WorldWideWeb project on the alt.hypertext-newsgroup on 6 August 1991. The world was busy with the end of the cold war and the Internet was widely ignored by political leaders.
Twenty years later, more and more governments are struggling how to get the consequences of Berners-Lee invention under control. The year 2011 could go into the Internet history books as the year of "Governments for Internet Principles".
The Internet has climbed up the ladder of political priorities and has now even reached the G8. When the leaders of eight powerful nations - Obama for the USA, Medvedev for Russia, Sarkozy for France, Merkel for Germany, Cameron for the UK, Berlusconi for Italy, Harper for Canada, Kan for Japan and Baroso for the EU - came together in the French sea-resort Deauville at the end of May 2011, Internet Policy was a top issue on their agenda.