Definition of fraud
Opinion 6 of the Fourth World Telecommunications Policy Forum (Lisbon, 2009) contains the following definition of the term “fraud”:
Use of telecommunications facilities with the intention of avoiding payment; without correct payment, with no payment at all, or by making someone else pay.
That definition does not fully account for fraud that involves the misuse/misappropriation of numbering resources.
Therefore, we propose to expand that definition and to add the following definition to Article 2 of the ITRs:
2.16 fraud: use of any telecommunications facilities or services with the intention of avoiding payment, without correct payment, with no payment at all, by making someone else pay, or by using a wrongful or criminal deception in order to obtain a financial or personal gain from the use of those facilities or services.